(CANNOT BE USED WITHOUT REFERENCE TO BAU MAGS AND ITS AUTHOR)
The invitation called by Saleh, the president of HoR in Tobruk, supporter of pro-coup Haftar seizing eastern Libya, to invite the army of Egypt to intervene in Libya was qualified as a big betray by the parliament in Tripoli.
Government of National Accord (GNA) in Tripoli has declared its opposition to Saleh’s decision to invite the Egyptian Military to Libya as the decision itself is against the jurisdiction of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA).
After the fall of the Muammar Gaddafi government, Libya was dragged into chaos, and during the war that was started in 2011 two different governments resulted. One of these governments is Tobruk HoR led by Aguila Saleh, who is supported by Egypt, Saudi Arabia, the USA, France, Russia, and the UAE. The other government is the national consensus government led by Fayiz es-Serac, who is supported by Turkey, the European Union, and the United Nations.
Aguila Saleh, the president of Tobruk HoR since he has assumed his duties on 5th August 2014 has deliberately run the HoR and he has made decisions concerning government in anti-democratic ways.
He has decided on his own without taking the consent of other representatives and ignoring the Suheyrat accord in inviting Egypt army to intervene Libya.
Antidemocratic ruling HoR without taking the consent of the representatives and not allowing presidential elections in HoR is one of the main reason behind the falling apart of the HoR in Tobruk.
The invitation of a foreign army to intervene to the country without the approval of the representatives and the suspension of the presidential elections were in disagreement with the constitutional declaration of Provisional National Counsel of 03 August 2011.
On 20 July 2020, in a secret vote chaired by Parliament Speaker Ali Abdel Aal, the Egyptian Parliament authorized President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi to “take all necessary measures to protect the country’s national security”.
After the occupation of Tripoli by the Islamists during the Second Civil War, the House of Representatives (HoR) was relocated to Tobruk. The HoR in Tobruk has 200 seats and governed by Aguila Saleh Issa.
There has been a great loss of confidence and credibility of HoR during the Second Civil War because of the unjust governing style of Aguila Saleh Issa. Tobruk HoR nowadays is losing its power due to Saleh’s unregulated governmental decisions that do not include the HoR in the decision-making process. Issues that are vital to the country are decided on by Saleh without putting the issue through HoR’s vote.
Turkish military assistance to the GNA is viewed as a game-changer. Sirte is the city that contains 60% of the country’s energy resources. So far, the GNA has been able to capture the gas and oil fields around Sirte.
Rear Admiral (Rtd) Assoc. Prof. Dr. Cihat Yayci attended a webinar as the Director of BAU Maritime and Global Strategies Center which was held by The Institute for Islamic Strategic Affairs (IISA) and Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI) on 22 July 2020. The goal of the web meeting was to assess the current and emerging dynamics of the conflict from different perspectives. Therefore, representatives from many countries attended the meeting. (UAE, Libya, Egypt, etc.)
The first question that was discussed is the current and emerging dynamics in the Libyan conflict and what would be a constructive development. Based on all these points above, Assoc. Dr. Yayci answered the question of current and emerging dynamics in Libya and what is the constructive way as follows:
“There is only one regime that the UN recognizes in Libya, and this regime is the Government of National Accord (GNA). All UN member states should recognize and support GNA as the only legitimate regime in Libya. The structure, called the Haftar or Tobruk administration, is an illegitimate de facto structure that the UN does not recognize. According to international law, all entities except GNA are illegitimate. That is why Haftar and his supporters are committing an international crime.
Unfortunately, some countries are involving this fight and they are sending ammunitions and mercenaries to support Haftar. For instance, anti-tank guided missiles, laser-guided weapons, and towed howitzers sent by the UAE and some states (even if they are few) to Haftar were captured in Libya. There are so many evidences that the UAE and some other countries continue to send the ammunitions and troops to Libya.
Moreover, Haftar is not secular. Further, Medihali Salafists support Haftar and this is another big threat to the stability in the country. In the meantime, one thing to remember is that while the GNA and its backing groups were struggling against ISIS, Haftar was not involved in this struggle and kept herself alive and even strengthened.
On the other hand, just a few weeks ago, Haftar unacceptably declared himself the president of Libya. This is essentially a dictatorship announcement. Moreover, the House of Representatives in Tobruk was disbanded, and Speaker of the Assembly, Aguila Saleh, decides on its own without consulting the remaining councilors and without the decision of the council. In other words, it is no longer possible to speak of a legitimate structure called the House of Representatives in Tobruk.
Turkey is in favor of democracy. Therefore, Turkey supports the administration which is recognized by the UN and Mr. Sarraj who is the leader of this administration against other illegal entities. There is no Turkish military unit in the conflict areas or combat zone in Libya. There are approximately 90 Turkish military personnel in Libya to provide consultancy services by agreeing on the 27 November 2019 agreement between the legitimate Libyan government and the Turkish government. As a result, the constructive solution is to support GNA which is the only legitimate government to ensure stability, peace, and security in the country. GNA should be the only authority that ensures unity, integrity, and stability in Libya.”
Another topic discussed at the meeting was protecting human lives in today’s Libya and how can we ensure the protection of human lives in any scenario. This question was responded by Yayci as follows:
“It seems that the main responsible Haftar and his supporters for creating an environment where such human life is at risk. Many findings and cases support our determination. For example, the Medihali Salafists came to Libya to support Haftar. They kidnapped children and raped women. Besides, the Haftar forces bombed marketplaces and city centers, but GNA never did that. There are thousands of evidence about the attacks of Haftar. The Libyan people and legitimate Libyan administration are in danger because of the attacks of these illegal entities. These attacks must be stopped immediately. It is an international crime committed by Haftar and his supporters.
As a solution, there should be a single administration that will ensure the unity and integrity of the country, establish authority, stability, and security on the country, and this structure should be supported by all forces. This structure should be GNA which is naturally recognized by the UN. Everyone should know that Libya belongs to Libyans, no one else. Libya is not a tribe, shah, or emirate. Everyone should support democracy and human rights in Libya. We know how some countries fear the success of democracy in Libya and the wave of democracy reaching them. That’s why we understand why they are struggling with a country thousand and thousand miles away from their own countries. However, Libyans people are suffering. They need water, electricity, and basic human needs. Allies of Libya should provide the necessary support to GNA to meet these needs and to establish order.”
Suzan Seda Kalem
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